29 May 2007
Analisis Usaha Tani Tomat

Analisis Usaha Tani Tomat

(Luas 1 Hektar)

I. Persiapan Lahan

A. Bahan

-  Dolomit                                            2.000 kg@Rp150         Rp    300.000

-  Pupuk Kandang                               20.000 kg@Rp250         Rp 5.000.000

-  Pupuk NPK                                      1.500 kg@Rp3.500      Rp 5.250.000

-  Pestisida alami untuk tanah                     18 kg@Rp8.500      Rp    153.000

-  Mulsa                                                     10 rol@Rp400.000 Rp 4.000.000

                                                                                                ---------------

                                                                        Subtotal            Rp14.703.000

B. Tenaga Kerja

-  Pembersihan Lahan                           40 HKP@Rp12.000     Rp   480.000

-  Pengolahan Tanah                             80 HKP@Rp12.000     Rp   960.000

-  Perawatan Bedengan                      150 HKP@Rp12.000     Rp1.800.000

-  Pengapuran                                       10 HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   100.000

-  Penaburan Pupuk Kandang                36 HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   360.000

-  Penaburan Pupuk Buatan                  10 HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   120.000

-  Pemasangan Mulsa                            48 HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   480.000

                                                                                                --------------

                                                                        Subtotal            Rp4.300.000

II. Pembibitan dan Persemaian

A.Bahan

-  Polibag                                             15 kg@Rp15.000         Rp  225.000

-  Benih                                                10 pak@Rp65.000       Rp  650.000

-  Sungkup Plastik                                 75 mRp3.500               Rp  262.500

                                                                                                --------------

                                                                        Subtotal            Rp1.137.500

B. Tenaga Kerja

-  Semai                                                45 HKW@Rp10.000   Rp  450.000

-  Pembuatan Lubang Tanam                10 HKP@Rp12.000     Rp  120.000

-  Penanaman & Penyulaman                40 HKW@Rp10.000   Rp  400.000

                                                                                                -------------

                                                                        Subtotal            Rp  970.000

III. Pemeliharaan

A. Bahan

-  Ajir                                               21.000 batang@Rp150    Rp3.150.000

-  Insektisida                                        20 liter@Rp150.000     Rp3.000.000

-  Fungisida                                           65 kg@50.000             Rp3.250.000

-  Perekat Serangga                              5 liter@Rp120.000       Rp  600.000

-  Fungisida Hayati Patogen Tanah        10 kg@Rp50.000         Rp  500.000

-  Pupuk Daun                                      5 liter@Rp25.000         Rp  125.000

-  Zat Pengatur Tumbuh                        3 liter@Rp65.000         Rp  195.000

-  Rafia                                                 15 kg@Rp15.000         Rp  225.000

-  Herbisida                                          5 liter@Rp50.000         Rp  250.000

                                                                                                -------------

                                                                        Subtotal            Rp11.295.000

B. Tenaga Kerja

-  Pemangkasan                                    60 HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   600.000

-  Pasang Ajir                                       30 HKP@Rp12.000     Rp   360.000

-  Pupuk Susulan                                   20 HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   200.000

-  Penyemprotan                                150 HKP@Rp12.000     Rp1.800.000

-  Panen & Pascapanen                         300 HKW@Rp10.000 Rp3.000.000

                                                            90 HKP@Rp12.000     Rp1.080.000

-  Mandor                                             4 bln@Rp500.000        Rp2.000.000

                                                                                                --------------

                                                                        Subtotal            Rp9.240.000

 

IV. Peralatan

-  Sprayer/alat semprot                         3 buah@Rp300.000     Rp   900.000

-  Ember                                              20buah@Rp10.000       Rp   200.000

-  Drum                                                3 buah@Rp200.000     Rp   600.000

-  Gembor                                            1 buah@Rp50.000       Rp     50.000

-  Peti                                            1.250 buah@Rp4.000         Rp5.000.000

                                                                                                --------------

                                                                        Subtotal            Rp6.750.000

 

V. Sewa Lahan/Musim                                                              Rp1.000.000

VI. Saung/Gubuk                                                                      Rp    500.000

                                                                        Total                Rp49.895.500

Populasi tanaman          : 25.000 batang

Produksi                       : 50 ton

Hasil Panen                  : 50.000 kg x Rp2.000

                                    : Rp100.000.000

Keuntungan             : Rp100.000.000–Rp49.895.500 = Rp50.104.500

Catatan :   HKP = Hari Kerja Pria, HKW = Hari Kerja Wanita

                  Penanaman dilakukan pertama kali, sehingga sarana produksi selain benih, pupuk,

                 dan pestisida harus disediakan.

Sumber : Arif Daryanto, Praktisi Hortikultura, Sukabumi, Jabar, 2007.

 

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